Dramatic fluctuations in the economic lives of Iraqis
08/08/2009 Saturday, 17 - e -1430 Sha'baan
Saw the economic life of the Iraqis over the past six years, great changes, especially in their material living, which rose wealthy, or at the Magna other, and significantly reduced at others. And between the two there is a third layer is struggling to maintain their living, who keep them in the center. That situation, which remains threatened by relegation to the category of poverty due to unstable conditions of the country.
Iraqi border and opened its doors, goods flowed Mnaciha various kinds and, thanks to the inaction of the government and its laws, traders, importers, and alone in the decision-making sale and purchase. Because the government does not provide support to the citizen in terms of markets and organizations supported by it, the citizens willy-nilly forced to deal with the moods of traders and vendors with high prices of last days without the support of the government to citizens and to take serious and decisive step to restore and stabilize prices at the borders of those fixed .
It is natural to require the citizen to the purchase of foodstuffs, electrical appliances, clothing and even accessories. For this pregnancy seems very heavy on the citizens, especially as prices continue to rise. As is the monthly wage by the employee firm.
Adopted the system of distribution of food, or know the ration card system in Iraq after Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait in 1990. The ration card system under the auspices of the United Nations. And the adoption of wills and the oil-for-food. Work continued ration card from 1990 until today. And adopt 90% of Iraqi families on the card is full, with the adoption of the remaining 10% (high income) it is part. It will be distributed in the ration card materials such as rice, tea, sugar, milk, flour and others.
Accounted for the ration card food safe haven for Iraqis under Saddam Hussein. Indeed, the ration card protected Iraqis caught up in severe famine throughout the period of the rule of Saddam Hussein, a period marked by the interruption of the economy and foreign trade dealings, and the high rate of unemployment and the spread of a severe recession and the rule of the black market.
The irony lies in the continued survival of the ration card food safe haven for Iraqis to this day, despite the improvement of the income of the individual living in Iraq, which raises questions and doubts, that the living situation of the Iraqis has not seen a real improvement or a change for the better. In addition to the ration card system is a network of social protection system, which aim to alleviate poverty and physical and psychological ravages of the citizen under circumstances where the Iraqis are going through difficult. And material aid, ranging between 120-200 dollars are distributed to each covered by two or three months. In some cases, more than four months.
According to statistics, however, confirmed by the Ministry of Displacement and Migration, in Iraq, the two and a half million displaced within Iraq. There are approximately four million orphans: if the average Iraqi family of 4 to 6 children, according to the Ministry of Planning. According to statistics from the Ministry of Human Rights, the 40% of the Iraqis under the poverty line. In addition to a million by the widow of an Iraqi official statistics issued by the Iraqi Ministry of Women in 2008. Although no one can accurately determine whether and to recognize these figures, but that will not hinder the recognition that large numbers of new orphans, widows and divorcees, the unemployed and the disabled, the elderly and menopausal women. It is certainly also the weakness of the economic level of living of these segments is described by human rights activists ground strata of society.
Lamia Nazim heads the widow and 6 children alone, which are mainly dependent on aid provided by the network of social protection. But the small amount of suffering which does not provide the needs of her family. Lamia says: eldest son paid for the work in the street. Rateb care evaporates in the first five days of the month. And suffer extreme poverty. Two years ago, and I'm trying Kmenzvp get a job in the Green Zone, but to no avail.
She added: sometimes the aid is delayed 3 months or more. But I will keep trying to get to work, but I lost my children in the streets.
In the period between the twenties until the sixties, was sufficient to obtain the qualification of the citizen as I know, even if it was simple to work and the opportunity to enjoy a good standard of living. The staff member was able to purchase a plot of land and the construction of his own house and his family, in addition to its ability to leave the enjoyment of the summer in European countries, and the blessing of life.
With the advent of Saddam Hussein's power has lost the certificate and the qualifications of his position for decades. Where it turned and rebounded to the certificate as if the scourge of the owner. And it does not exceed the employee's salary was $ 5 dollars per month. Forced the majority of eminent minds, and certificates and qualifications to immigrate to the scientific management Mashithm and their families, and migration to countries such as Yemen, Libya, the only way to manage the level of Maashiya comfortable, if not Merfha.
But the beginning of 2003 witnessed a remarkable boom for the owners of Education. Increased wages and staff organizations and government departments. And where the monthly wage of employees of between 200-900 dollars, depending on grade and years of service. Monthly income, but the improvement to the staff of the State, are continuing in the high cost of supplies of natural life.
Police said Nasser al-Jubayr Ilaf said his monthly salary is not enough to the end of the month, it received 650 thousand dinars per month, paid 200 thousand to rent a house where he lives with his family, and pay 200 thousand in transport fares and food.
Nasir said: do not stay in the pocket of the salary, only 250 people, note that I have four children, dealing with the youngest baby milk Astraeh of the black market, and the salary does not brings me to the end of the month.
The Police: we stand under the scorching sun in summer and cold winter bear. Compels us to our squad valuable street parking, and non-salary rewards. If you find an opportunity Rizq Sharif again, I will leave the post because it is not feasible.
The teacher Rabab Hassan Vcko it despite the increase in her salary, but it does not fill their needs and her family consisting of 7 members. She said: received 550 thousand dinars. But the salary is not enough, five Fbnati the covering and the need to wage a private teaching and catering. In addition to the rent and electricity, which «eat» salary of 350 thousand per month.
Recognized as the teacher gives lessons to the privacy of students, it has become a «Teaching the largest private source of livelihood ..!!
Layers and layers of obscene wealth crushed
Before 2003 was an Iraqi citizen living in destitution and poverty, hunger and severe deprivation. The class was calculated on the regime of Saddam Hussein and his inner circle and his family and relatives, living luxury and opulence of life, and Mbahjha itself, which also included the senior class officers and members of the Baath Party, has suffered pulverize people and a policy of starvation, but they are closer to the severe famine throughout the decades. Did not exceed the wages of State employees and organizations of 5 dollars per month. The vast majority of people have suffered humiliation.
Today, after the removal of Saddam Hussein and his regime, there are layers of obscene wealth, Iraqis working with the embassy or the U.S. military paid not less than 3 thousand dollars per month. Contractors and increase the wealth day after day. In addition to the wages which some say Balkhialip, those of the members of the House of Representatives, Ministers and staff in the rank of director and deputy ministers, ministers and advisers.
Where they constituted a privileged class and live Almerfh Albazk, compared to their fellow citizens who are struggling to live with dignity. In the remaining classes and even middle ground needs to be effective by Tanthalhm extreme poverty. It seems they have their share of oil and distribution of monthly wages as do the Gulf states. Libya, a move that could restore the right of the owners, not to mention the provision of decent living, they are in bad condition are eager to get it.