By: Sabah Jassim
IT network news - Sunday 26 July / 200-9-3 / Shaban / 14 30
Network news: a U.S. President Barack Obama outlines the new relationship between his country and Iraq, saying it was time to expand the relationships formed under conditions of war. Obama said "the United States and Iraq together in difficult times the norm. Now we both agreed that the linkages formed between the Americans and Iraqis in the war that could pave the way for the progress achieved in the peace."
According to Obama's comments that his administration wants to volatility in the Iraq War with the focus on the conflict in Afghanistan. He said the United States is proceeding in line with the timetable set for the withdrawal of all troops from Iraq by the end of 2011.
The US-led forces invaded Iraq in 2003 to topple Saddam Hussein and still 130 thousand U.S. troops in Iraq to secure the country and the training of Iraqi forces. Around 4300 U.S. troops and tens of thousands of Iraqis and displaced millions of others over the past six years.
The Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who was standing next to Obama in the Rose Garden of the White House plans to convene a conference of foreign investment in October. Iraq needs the oil-rich money to help rebuild the country after years of sanctions and neglect and war.
Maliki said that all this is the natural reaction to the stability and the Government of National Unity to provide the requirements of the Iraqi rebuilding and reconstruction, "a country devastated by war and dictatorship." According to Reuters.
While investors are worried about the violence in Iraq, U.S. officials say they may be more concerned about whether the laws and regulations in Iraq are provided with adequate legal protection for the work in the country.
He said Obama "could be for the Americans and Iraqis together to expand economic cooperation and trade that opens the doors to new opportunities."
Maliki's meeting with Obama at a crucial time. Washington wants Iraq to move towards normalization of ties and move away from a relationship dominated by security issues.
The aim of the visit of Iraqi Prime Minister to the United States, which takes a week to show Iraq's independence from Washington and to encourage foreign investors to return and renew the push for the United Nations to lift punitive measures for war reparations.Obama again urged Maliki to move forward with national reconciliation. U.S. officials have previously expressed concern over the reluctance of the Shi'ite-led government from reaching out to Sunni Arabs, and the growing tensions with the Kurds, but Obama.
Seek to get rid of the seventh item
He called on Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to take the UN Security Council's Chapter VII, before talks with President Barack Obama, the strategic cooperation agreement.
The MP said the Islamic Union of Iraqi Turkmen to WIN in the ruling Shi'ite Alliance, Abbas al-Bayati told AFP that Maliki "will visit the United Nations to meet with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to discuss the international resolutions, especially with regard to drive Iraq from Section VII."Demands that Iraq and to reduce the proportion of staff from its oil revenues must pay compensation to Kuwait as part of UN sanctions imposed on it under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which allows military intervention, and after the invasion of Kuwait in 1990. But Kuwait upholds their right to compensation approved by the UN Security Council.
The Security Council, Iraq was forced to pay 5% of its oil revenues for the Fund of the United Nations to compensate for the invasion, while calling on Iraq to drop to one percent. And that Iraq had to pay more than 13 billion dollars in compensation to Kuwait and still have to pay more than 25 billion dollars in outstanding debts as well as an estimated 16 billion dollars.The Fund has received requests for compensation of $ 368 billion dollars, but it was only $ 52 billion, including 39 billion for Kuwait, based on figures from Kuwait and from the Fund.
For his part, said Ali al-Musawi, media adviser to Maliki, "the relationship with the United States, a complex and debilitating. The parties succeeded in achieving security in Iraq, and there is the withdrawal of U.S. troops." He told AFP that "the two sides of Iraq and the U.S. want to reflect on the successes of these other aspects."
He continued, "after a visit (U.S. Vice President Joseph) Biden, we have seen the desire of the American side to the deepening of cooperation in different areas and I think the visit is a timely opportunity to discuss these issues and make progress in industry, education and investment."
Maliki and discuss the supply of weapons remain after the withdrawal of U.S. troops
In the military build-Shan, Maliki held talks with Defense Secretary Robert Gates on the needs of the Iraqi army in the area of processing.
A spokesman for the U.S. Defense Department (Pentagon) Morel Jeff after the meeting that the Iraqis "need not fear the large equipment in the expression of that." "The needs include air, land and sea." But he declined to disclose details of the requests contained in the Baghdad arms race.
"We have the minister (Gates) has a clear search for ways to speed up and flexibility of our systems for arming and equipping the Iraqi security forces." According to AFP.
The spokesman said "We are trying to find a creative way to organize and equip our view, because they clearly need for additional capacity for the exercise of sovereignty, and further protect themselves from internal threats and to deter external threats. We want to make sure they have what they want to do so."
Attended the meeting with Gates and Defense Minister Abdul-Qader al-Obeidi, and the Interior Jawad al-Bolani and the U.S. ambassador to Iraq, Christopher Hill.
Moreover, Maliki has hinted to a possible survival of U.S. forces after the end of the year 2011, the date of the final departure of U.S. troops from Iraq.
He said during a speech at the Institute for Research in Washington, "according to the agreement signed in November between the two countries, the U.S. presence expires in 2011."
"Despite this, in the case of Iraqi forces required further rehabilitation and support, then we will look to see that according to the needs of Iraq." Maliki said: "I am sure that the potential and willingness to cooperate with the parties to exist."
The Pentagon announced ten days ago, send new battalions to Iraq for "training and mentoring" of Iraqi soldiers after several months of the withdrawal of U.S. combat forces in August 2010.
He said Defense Department spokesman Bryan Whitman said "the four battalions of the advice and assistance consisting of 14 thousand men" of the Marine Corps will remain in Iraq after the departure of U.S. forces of order.
"The task of these units will be training Iraqi security forces. It must also address terrorism and the protection of civilian and military programs in the country."
It is scheduled to stay up to fifty thousand men in Iraq after the summer of 2010 should not be any U.S. troops on Iraqi territory in late 2011.
Criticism of U.S. contacts with the armed factions opposed to the political process
Meanwhile, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said Maliki objected to U.S. President Barack Obama on his U.S. contacts with representatives of the "Political Council of the Iraqi resistance."
In an interview with a "free" speaking in Arabic, Zebari said the news of a meeting last spring in Istanbul, between the representatives of the Council "Asasi of the Iraqi resistance," and officials from the Turkish side and the U.S. had been "in shock" to the Iraqi government.
Zebari said that "this subject to create a negative reaction from the Iraqi government on these reports and information. I had this issue in shock that the Political Council of Resistance is the remnants of the Baath Party and former regime supporters and groups that espouse violence and terrorism as a means to change the situation."
He added that the Iraqi government "will be objections to all parties who participated in this meeting, after this matter with the American side." He said the meeting "was held in what appeared to March in Istanbul."
In response to a question on this issue during a press conference held at the U.S. Institute for Peace, Maliki said he had spoken this implies the matter with Obama. He said he received a guarantee that any attached conditions similar talks.
"The U.S. government and President Barack Obama told us that they would not tolerate those who kill Iraqi soldiers and U.S. soldiers and Iraqi citizens."
He also said, "then there will be no talks between the U.S. government and any of its representatives and those killers."
But the U.S. State Department responded, saying that the contacts had been made part of the efforts of reconciliation between Sunnis and Shiites with the consent of the Iraqi government.
Said Robert Wood, spokesman for the AFP "to meet U.S. officials, soldiers and diplomats, on a regular basis a large number of Iraqi efforts to promote reconciliation and national unity." "The meetings referred to, which was inform the officials in the Iraqi government access, there were several months ago."
What Maliki hopes to achieve?
Met with Iraqi Prime Minister Maliki, with U.S. President Obama during a trip to the United States aims to promote economic cooperation and encourage foreign investors to return to Iraq, but what Maliki hopes to achieve within the agenda of large and complex issues, including the following, according to Reuters.The case of the Iraqi economy?
Maliki's government opened the oil sector and seeks to attract major companies to update Iraq's power plants and building housing complexes and repair of sewage systems, and more.
But efforts to secure Western investment, even in the lucrative oil sector were not successful because of the concerns of investors from the inability of the legal and regulatory regimes of Iraq and to protect the rights of property.
And was involved in the oil industry disappointed last month from an auction for oil and gas has been used with high expectations because of the payment terms imposed by the Iraqi government, which ultimately led to an agreement to develop and only one of eight major fields in Iraq.
The Government will need to rely on oil exports in more than 95 percent of national income to foreign currency, more than ever, if oil prices did not reach the desired levels.
The Government has approved a supplemental spending budget for 2009 worth 61 billion dollars, down from at least 69 billion dollars spent in 2008 when oil prices were at the highest levels of close to 147 dollars per barrel.
To what extent the stability of Iraq?
After two years of bloody sectarian conflict that has pushed Iraq to the brink of civil war violence rates fell sharply in spite of a series of bombing attacks that have taken place recently and which were blamed on al Qaeda and raised concerns about the ability of Iraqi security forces for peacekeeping in the case of the withdrawal of U.S. troops remaining in Iraq, 130 thousand soldiers.
Withdrew U.S. forces from Iraqi cities last month as part of Obama's plan to withdraw all U.S. troops from Iraq by the end of 2011. The U.S. soldiers at this time of the rules on the outskirts of cities and are subject to Iraqi restrictions on their movements, which raised the ire of the U.S. military administration, however, Obama played down the possibility of tension, saying that the problems were being resolved.
Iraq entered into a phase of relative stability after a Sunni insurgency against U.S. forces followed by a wave of sectarian violence pitted the Shiite majority to the minority Sunni Arabs.
But experts fear that the Iraqi conflict between Iraq's Kurds and the Baghdad government, dominated by the Arabs to the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, to ignite a new conflict that would undermine recent security gains.What Maliki hopes to achieve?
Maliki took advantage of his trip to the United States to emphasize the sovereignty of Iraq. He wished to normalize relations with Washington and the transfer of security away from the rudder, a vision shared by the Obama administration.
Maliki has sought mainly during his visit to urge investors to Iraq had reached a degree of stability to allow their return is due to attend a conference on investment. Iraq needs the money to rebuild after years of war in order to improve basic services like water and electricity to people with a population of 28 million people.
Daniel said Siror Vice President of Operations of peace and stability in the United States Institute of Peace, "Maliki's message to Obama that Iraq is still important and should be taken seriously. This does not mean only the fight against al Qaeda, but also develop a network of cooperation beyond mere military relationship."Maliki has also sought hard during a meeting with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in New York to raise the case of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations on Iraq.And Chapter VII?
In accordance with the decision of the Security Council of the United Nations in 1991 committed to Iraq to pay five percent of its oil revenues to the several States to compensate for the Gulf War that took place in 1991 and most of these awards go to Kuwait. The Iraqi government, the size of the proportion of oil revenues, from the unfair burden caused by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein wants to reduce the ratio.
In order to achieve that Iraq wants to raise the case of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations so that it can renegotiate the payment of compensation. But Kuwait has succeeded in foiling this requirement through the mobilization of the main countries in the Security Council is composed of 15 members to oppose the idea. Diplomats said the Security Council that the council may consider the lifting of the state of Chapter VII of Iraq by the end of this year.http://translate.google.com/translat...ate.google.com